Food Security and Nutrition Surveillance-NNS (FSNS-NNS)

Overview
The government of Bangladesh, development partners and other stakeholders recognised the urgent need for the continuation of nutritional surveillance in Bangladesh. As the James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University (JPGSPH) had prior experience and capability in conducting a national nutrition surveillance project, National Nutrition Services (NNS)/Institute of Public Health Nutrition (IPHN) entered into an agreement with the School to continue the food security and nutrition surveillance from April 2015 - February 2016, with funding from funded IPHN, DGHS, MoHFW.

The primary objective of the FSNS-NNS project is to track the food security and nutritional situation of seven divisions and Dhaka slums in Bangladesh.

Project
The overall objective of the project is to institutionalise nutritional surveillance into a national framework under the aegis of the National Nutrition Services. During the course of the project, JPGSPH will manage the surveillance system along with training and quality control assurance of the collected data. As per the proposed methodology, the surveillance data will provide national and divisional representative with estimates of the households on selected health and nutritional indicators.
A technical advisory group was formed by MoHFW involving representatives from allied ministries (BBS, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Food etc), GO (BMRC) and INGOs (Helen Keller International, icddr,b, Food and Agriculture Organization etc.) to finalise the methodology, indicators and other technical issues. Government data collectors were involved in the surveillance as part of the institutionalisation process.

Donor:
• National Nutrition Services (NNS)/Institute of Public Health Nutrition (IPHN), DGHS, MoHFW

Food Security and Nutritional Surveillance Project (FSNSP)

Overview
The national Food Security and Nutritional Surveillance Project (FSNSP) was a project conducted from July 2008 - June 2015, the aim of which was to track nationally representative estimates for food security and nutrition in Bangladesh. FSNSP was the only nutritional surveillance system solely devoted to tracking the food security and nutritional status of households across different divisions and surveillance zones in Bangladesh, with a strong emphasis on formulating policy, planning and action.

The project provided up-to-date, seasonal information from 2010 - 2014 on the situation of food and nutrition security in Bangladesh for six agro-ecological zones as well as the nation as a whole. The main target group of the surveillance were women and under-five children.

Projects
FSNSP was a five year project funded by the European Union. The surveillance was conducted by the James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University (JPGSPH) in partnership with Helen Keller International (HKI) and Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Until 2012, it was housed in HKI, after which it was shifted to JPGSPH. Aside from the technical objectives, the overall objective of the project was to institutionalise the nutritional surveillance into a national framework under the aegis of the government of Bangladesh. FSNSP has implemented a nationally representative surveillance system that tracks variation in indicators of food security and nutrition over three seasons in Bangladesh: the post-aman harvest period (January-April); the monsoon season (May-August); and the post-aus harvest season (September-December).
Donor:
• European Union
• BRAC

Technical partners:
• Helen Keller International (HKI)
• Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS)

Highlights
• A special study “Primary School Feeding Programme” was conducted under this project.
• Four annual reports ‘State of Food Security & Nutrition in Bangladesh’ have been published from this project from 2010 to 2013. The last annual report of 2014 has been finalized and about to publish.
• Total 13 bulletins and a policy brief have been published and disseminated among the stakeholders. Three more bulletins and three more policy briefs will be published soon.
• FSNSP partners started collaboration with National Nutrition Services (NNS) to address the issue of its involvement in food security nutritional surveillance and thus institutionalization.
• FSNSP used to share data in ministries and nutrition community for policy implication and programme planning.
• FSNSP has a website through which FSNSP related information can be collected.

Formative Research on BRAC’s “Improving Maternal and Child Nutrition (IMCN)” project in Bhasantek slum, Mirpur

Overview

The James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University conducted a formative research, “Improving Maternal and Child Nutrition (IMCN)” in the Bhasantek slum in Mirpur, Dhaka. The aim of the study was to review the programme approach, service delivery, communication methods, and measure the effectiveness and relevancy of the indicators for achieving the intended outputs in reducing moderately acute malnutrition in urban slums.

The study was conducted during a six week period in 2014 and targeted PLW beneficiaries of the IMCN project, mothers/caregivers of the beneficiary children, key influential people, and IMCN service providers. The survey was conducted through various approaches, including semi-structured and structured interviews, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, direct observation and case studies. Semi-structured and structured questionnaires were used to collect information on socio-economic status, food security, dietary diversity, supplementary feeding, nutritional knowledge and behaviour.

Partners
This study was funded by BRAC